BMW 3 series E46
Since 1998 of release
Repair and car operation
The BMW of 3 series Е46
- Cars BMW 3 (Е46)
Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
jacking and towage
Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
Checks of readiness of the car to operation
Automobile chemicals, oils and greasings
Diagnostics of malfunctions
Controls and operation receptions
Controls and devices
Keys, the uniform lock and anticreeping system
The hatch with podemno-sdvizhnoj cover*
Adjustment of position of a steering wheel
The lock of ignition and engine start
Manual box of a gear change (Manual transmission)
Automatic transmission (АТ) *
The lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal
Screen wipers and washer
Heater of back glass
Tempostat (automatics of maintenance of the set speed) *
The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
System of automatic stabilisation of stability with a regulator of a twisting moment of engine ASC+T/System of the dynamic control of stability DSC*
The monitoring system of pressure of air in tyres (RDC) *
Illumination and light devices
Heater, ventilation and the conditioner of air of salon
The salon equipment
Features of driving of the car
The Katalitichesky converter
Antiblocking system of brakes (ABS)
Readjustment of headlights
Unlocking of a cover of the refuelling hatch manually
Drive podemno-sdvizhnoj hatch covers manually*
+ Current leaving and service
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission and transmission a line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electric equipment schemes
Antiblocking system of brakes (ABS)Action principle
System ABS raises active safety of the car, preventing blocking of wheels at braking. After all blocking of wheels is exclusively dangerous, as forward wheels become uncontrollable, and going юзом back wheels can lead to drift of the car and emission on other party of movement.
System ABS allows in any concrete conditions (at movement on a straight line, on turn, on the asphalted ice-covered or sea road, etc.) to reduce a brake way to a minimum. Basically at each braking ABS should solve two problems, providing траекторную stability, reliable controllability and manoeuvrability of the car at movement on the roads different as a covering (asphalted, concrete) and being in a different condition (ice-covered, covered with a dirt, snow, water).
Features of driving with ABS
The system automatically joins only on reaching speed about 10 km/h. At its falling below 6 km/h ABS it is disconnected, so theoretically at the latest stage of braking of a wheel can be blocked, however in practice it is basic value any more has no.
Advantages ABS are most accurately shown in situations when you should put the maximum effort to a brake pedal. As forward wheels of the car remain operated, you can easy go round an obstacle.
ABS realises regulation process for fractions of a second. The pedal pulsation under a foot means that braking occurs under control ABS, otherwise, that the driver goes in a boundary mode. Besides, the crackling caused by process of work ABS, reminds the driver of necessity of reduction of speed for conformity with the actual traffic conditions which have changed because of reduction (for example, in connection with ice) friction factor (or couplings) between tyres and road.
On roads with a loose coating (for example, rubble or snow) over the basis with good coupling properties the brake way can appear more long, than at blocking of wheels. Told concerns and movement with chains противоскольжения. Much more important, however, a prize in траекторной stability and controllability of the car.
The important information for your safety
ABS does not cancel action of laws of physics. The system cannot prevent a consequence of the braking executed at an insufficient distance to ahead going car, passage of turns with is inadmissible in the high speed or in the presence of danger of hydroplaning. These consequences still remain on conscience of the driver. Presence ABS, safety providing the raised potential, should not provoke you to unduly risky manner of driving.
Movement on diverse tyres, for example, after installation of a spare wheel (in a combination to three other wheels on which tyres with winter drawing of a protector are mounted) can limit functionality ABS. Therefore the removed wheel needs to be established as soon as possible back.
Do not bring in system any changes.
Works on system should be carried out only by forces of experts.
Antiblocking system of brakes (ABS) / the Monitoring system behind braking on turns (СВС)
System SVS is improved version ABS. In the conditions of braking on turns at high cross-section acceleration, and also at braking during evolution from a number abreast the system allows to improve stability of movement and controllability.
In case of malfunction